Annemieke Milks, PhD

I’m a Palaeolithic archaeologist, currently based at the Lower Saxony State Office for Cultural Heritage (Hannover, Germany), as part of the research team working on the wood remains from Schöningen. I’m also an Honorary Research Fellow at UCL’s Institute of Archaeology. I specialise in early hunting weaponry and experimental archaeology but am also interested in the use of wood for tools, how humans learn technological skills, and the archaeology of children.

My doctoral research focused on the earliest weapons in the archaeological record, which are wooden spears that date as early as 400,000 years ago. These incredible artefacts represent the earliest examples of the longest-serving weapons known to have been made by humans. Weaponry provides a fascinating window into human food strategies throughout the Pleistocene and I am interested in how its development maps onto hominin adaptations and dispersals.

I take an active role in the EAA’s Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Community and the Forager Children Interdisciplinary Studies Group.

My work has been funded by the Leakey Foundation, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the Arts and Humanities Research Council, The European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association, UCL Centre for Humanities Interdisciplinary Research Projects, and through generous public crowdfunding on

My University of Reading page

My Researchgate page

My Google Scholar profile